Vampire: (vampir | draugr | strigoi | vrykolakas | Upir | wapierz | vrykolakas)


dracula

Vampire is a creature live by eating the essence of life (usually in the form of blood ) of other living beings. The history of vampires have been found around the world in different cultures since ancient times. The actual term vampire had just popular in the early 18th century after the entry of the vampire legends to Western Europe from the Balkans and Eastern Europe. The stories of these creatures come from all over Europe by the turn of the 18th century such as vrykolakas in Greece and strigoi in Romania. So common it only increased the knowledge of them and confidence of their reality to Europe as being real.  Even the churches got involved with many vampire hunts during the 18th century Europe time period.

Matthew Beresford, author of "From Demons to Dracula: The Creation of the Modern Vampire Myth" (Reaktion, 2008), notes, "There are clear foundations for the vampire in the ancient world, and it is impossible to prove when the myth first arose. There are suggestions that the vampire was born out of sorcery in ancient Egypt, a demon summoned into this world from some other." There are many variations of vampires from around the world. There are Asian vampires, such as the Chinese jiangshi (pronounced chong-shee), evil spirits that attack people and drain their life energy; the blood-drinking Wrathful Deities that appear in the "Tibetan Book of the Dead," and many others. 

The stories of Vampires go back thousands of years from many cultures and time periods. Belief in vampires has existed for centuries. Culture Mesopotamia (including Lilith and Edimmu in mythology Sumerian , Assyrian , and Babylonian ), Jewish , Greek and Roman tells about demons or spirits are similar to modern vampires. 

Dracula:

The most famous vampire is, of course, Bram Stoker's Dracula, though those looking for a historical "real" Dracula often cite Romanian prince Vlad Tepes (1431-1476), after whom Stoker is said to have modeled some aspects of his Dracula character. The characterization of Tepes as a vampire, however, is a distinctly Western one; in Romania, he is viewed not as a blood-drinking sadist but as a national hero who defended his empire from the Ottoman Turks.

Ancient Babylonians: were one of the first who incorporated undead blood eating entity in their folklore. Six thousand year old evil mystical beings Lilitu and Esrites survived by feeding of babies and men, respectively.

Egyptian believed that improper burial can bring the deceased back from the death in a form that can only survive by eating human blood.

Ancient Greek and Roman people feared to meet Empusae and Lamia, who feasted on human flesh, had ability to enchant people and use magic. Those two beings later on became morphed into medieval versions of witches and demons, and were greatly popularized by Church who used those two folklore beings to explain the harsh age filled with wars, famine and diseases.

Northern medieval Europe had also incorporated beings with vampiric traits to their folklore. In England first stories about revenants (resurrected evil corpses) started appearing shortly after the waves of Viking invasions. 

Viking tales of superhuman undead creature "draugr".

OLD Norse methology: draugr means = "again-walker" or Revent.

If the will of the person is strong enouh they can re-animate the body.  Though potential harder to kill then before- if the body decays, burned, dismembered or destroyed.  The draugr / revent will die for a second time.

Hungry (Vampir)

It was thought a evil spirit could take over a dead body and posses it for up to 40 days.

Thus the ritual of men watching the dead for the 3 days after death came into practice with any sign of the dead coming back to life, off with the head.

Ambrogio - original vampire: Italian Vampire Story:

The answer lies in the Scriptures of Delphi, specifically in the collection of writings known as "The Vampire Bible".

The first vampire started out as not a vampire at all, but as a human man named Ambrogio.  He was an Italian-born adventurer who fate brought to Delphi, in Greece.  

1. The story began with the sun god Apollo (Greek mythology), who in a fit of rage cursed Ambrogio so that his skin would burn should it ever touch sunlight again. 

2. Ambrogio's bad luck followed when he ended up gambling away his soul to Hades (Greek mythology), the god of the underworld. 

3. The next curse came via Apollo's sister Artemis (Greek mythology), the goddess of the moon and hunting, who made it so that Ambrogio's skin would burn if he touched silver.

4. The blessings came soon after when Artemis, taking pity on the poor young man, gave him the gift of immortality.  He would carry his curses - his skin burning by sunlight or silver, but he would live forever in his current form.  Not only that, but Artemis also gave him the speed and strength to become a hunter whose skills were second only to her own.

Thus the curesed man becomes an original vampire.

Ancient time on how to deal with a possible vampire at burial:

Ancient practices where to cut off the head and put a stone or garlic in the mouth.

Other common method would be to stake the body into the group with iron, wood, or silver.

Other common method would be to also break the legs and knees.

Real Vampires - The True Story:

Dracula / Vampires are real

Vampires:

Vampire Secrets: Decoding the Past

 In Search of The Real Dracula - Vampire:

Bulgaria looks to suck the vampire legend out of Romania